Perhaps you need to clone IPCop to replace the disk, make a working copy for another machine, alter the sizes of the partitions, or for some other reason. This can be done over the network with nothing more than ssh access to IPCop. Remember, clone means clone and you get all the settings and logs replicated, so you should deal with those once you have the clone working.Connect up the destination disk to a spare machine and boot up with a Puppy Linux CD. There is no reason some other distro couldn't be used, it's just that Puppy Linux runs off the CD and allows you to connect up the disk as the normal primary disk. Another rescue distro would work equally well.
Assuming you have Puppy Linux up and running, first get a network connection with the Network Wizard. Then partition your disk. IPCop creates three partitions, the first for /boot, the second for /var/log and the third for /. The first has only to be about 8-10MB. The third should be about 200-500MB, and the second can use up all the remaining space. You can look at your current IPCop to see the usage of space and tweak these numbers. Use fdisk to do the partition. I will not give a fdisk tutorial here, you can use the built-in help or find its documentation. If your Linux kernel is 2.6 and addresses the disk as sda then substitute sda for hda in the following instructions. In what follows, # is the root shell prompt, which you don't type and // starts a comment, which you don't type either.
# fdisk /dev/hda // create primary partitions 1, 2 and 4 with the required sizes // change the type to Linux (0x83) // (optional) set partition 1 to bootable
Now format the partitions ext3. A gotcha is that recent mke2fs programs set various features on the filesystems that are not supported by the e2fsck program in IPCop. You need to avoid them.
# mke2fs -j -O none,filetype,sparse_super /dev/hda1 # mke2fs -j -O none,filetype,sparse_super /dev/hda2 # mke2fs -j -O none,filetype,sparse_super /dev/hda4
Mount the partitions
# mkdir /ipcop # mount /dev/hda4 /ipcop # mkdir -p /ipcop/boot /ipcop/var/log # mount /dev/hda1 /ipcop/boot # mount /dev/hda2 /ipcop/var/log
Create a swapfile. The size should be 2x RAM on the destination machine but this is not critical.
# dd if=/dev/zero of=/ipcop/swapfile bs=1M count=64 // e.g. for a 64MB swapfile # mkswap /ipcop/swapfile
Make some required directories.
# mkdir /ipcop/proc
Now copy the files over. It doesn't take very long, IPCop is a small distro. The backslashes indicate either type it all on one line or type the backslash to the shell to continue the line. You will see the filenames as they are extracted.
# cd /ipcop # ssh -p 222 firstname.lastname@example.org \ 'cd /; tar cf - --numeric-owner bin boot dev etc fastboot home lib mnt root sbin tmp usr var' | \ tar xvf -
Now you need to install GRUB. grub> is the GRUB prompt.
# grub grub> device (hd0) /dev/hda grub> root (hd0,0) grub> setup (hd0) grub> quit
GRUB should display messages about installing various files. Now umount the IPCop disk.
# cd / # umount /ipcop/var/log # umount /ipcop/boot # umount /ipcop
Now take out the Puppy Linux CD and reboot with the primary disk. For some reason, only the bootloader has been installed, not the menu, so for the first time you need to run GRUB manually. You might want to disconnect the network cable so that you don't interfere with the network in case IPCop starts using the network cards.
grub> root (hd0,0) grub> kernel /vmlinuz... root=/dev/hda4 grub> boot
You can use tab file completion to fill out the vmlinuz kernel filename. Once booted into IPCop you need to run grub-install to fix the GRUB menu. BTW, inside IPCop you do not substitute sda for hda because IPCop runs Linux 2.4.
# grub-install --no-floppy /dev/hda
If you have no floppy, you might want to remove the line with fd0 in /boot/grub/device.map otherwise the probing will take a long time.
Now you can login to your new IPCop box and fix up the hardware details and the configuration.